Saturday, June 23, 2012

New on Our Shelf : Pioneer Ohio Newspapers, 1793-1818

Something that many of us "Michiganders" have in common is that our ancestors when migrating to Michigan from the eastern states may have have stopped over in Ohio for a few years or decades.  In the years immediately following the close of the American Revolution, pioneers began pouring into the lands of this vast frontier.  These families comprise the state's earliest non-indigenous population.

Understandably, there aren't a lot of written records for the 1790-1820 time period...genealogical slim pickings.  However, even at that early date, there were a handful of newspapers being published around Cincinnati and along other parts of the southeastern border of Ohio.  Not all of these newspapers have survived in their entirety, but for those that have, an index was published in two volumes by Karen Mauer Green entitled Pioneer Ohio Newspapers.

The two volumes divided into the time periods of 1793-1810 & 1802-1818 were published in the 1980's by Frontier Press.  The newspapers indexed include:
  • The Centinel of the North-Western Territory (Cincinnati)
  • Freeman's Journal (Cincinnati)
  • The Western Spy and Hamilton Gazette (Cincinnati)
  • Freeman's Journal and Chillicothe Advertiser (Chillicothe)
  • Scioto Gazette and Chillicothe Advertiser (Chillicothe)
  • The Scioto Gazette (Chillicothe)
  • The Western Spy (Cincinnati)
  • The Western Herald  (Steubenville)
  • The Ohio Gazette  (Marietta)
  • The Commentator  (Marietta) 
  • The Western Spectator (Marietta) 
 The compiler's guidelines for what was indexed (& not indexed) are listed in the preface of the book:
  • Every mention of a local person
  • World & national news not unless Ohioans were referenced
  • Items regarding new settlements in surrounding states
  • Legislation notes (not legislators) mentioning individuals
  • Election returns
  • Advertisements, letters, etc. - first mention only
Abstracts are only abbreviated versions of the original.  Samples from October 9, 1805:
William Noble regarding wheat to be delivered to Thomas M'Cullough's Mill and Joel Williams' Mill
Ephraim Caterline, living within two miles of Hamilton, reports a stolen horse
Marriage: Thomas Elder married Miss Jane Scott at Colerain on 1 October 1805, by Judah Willy
Complete indexes to the abstracts appear in the back of each volume.  Ohio area historians will want to add this excellent reference to their Ohio research checklist.  The set has been cataloged and appears in the Ohio section of the Local History CollectionContact us with any questions.

Nameless Picture of the Day
 M1890
Group of Baseball Players
From the collection of Kelly (Vanderhoof) Weldy

Can you identify any of the young men in this cabinet card?  It is believed but not confirmed that this photograph may have Keeler area connections.  Please contact us if you have any information and we will publish it in a future blog.  Please include the photo's catalog number with your e-mail.